Women have smaller waist when compared to men because they store fat in their thighs, breasts, and hips. The two hormones that are responsible for storing fat in these areas are estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen is responsible for storing fat in thighs and hips while both progesterone and estrogen is responsible for storing fat in the breasts. Women experience hormone fluctuation when they go through their menstrual cycle. The changes in hormone have an impact on the way they look, feel, weigh, and function. To understand why women feel different, it is important that we understand their hormones.
Hormones and Weight Loss
One of the key measures of weight loss in women is the level of progesterone and estrogen in their body and the reaction of these hormones with other hormones like insulin or cortisol. Women with bigger thighs and highs suggest that they have high estrogen level while women who have smaller thighs and hips and larger breasts have high progesterone levels.
The menstrual cycle of women, have a huge impact on their hormones. Menstrual cycle is divided into two stages – the follicular phase and the luteal phase. In the follicular phase, the ovarian follicle mature which can increase the estrogen levels in the body. In the luteral phase, the ovarian follicles convert into corpeus luteum which increases the progesterone level in the body.
Your understanding of hormone deficiency will be incomplete if you don’t understand the difference between relative and absolute deficiency. Some women may have high progesterone levels but still suffer from its deficiency if the estrogen levels are high in comparison. This is known as relative deficiency.
Both estrogen and progesterone play an important role in keeping the waist smaller. Estrogen works against hormones like insulin, cortisol, and testosterone by preventing them from storing fat in the belly. When the levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease, it can increase the weight around the waist. External factors like stress can have a negative impact on the working of progesterone which may result in fat accumulation around the waist. Women who want to lose weight around the waist can take steps to reduce stress which can increase progesterone levels.
How Hormone Imbalance Effect Women
Estrogen increase fat storage by up regulating the receptors called alpha-adrenergic. These receptors are usually found in the thighs and hips of women. Women can lose weight around their hips and thighs by decreasing the action of alpha-adrenergic receptors. They can decrease the action of receptors by following a low carb diet. At times, women who want to lose weight start burning weight in the breast and torso while the hips and thighs remain unchanged. This happens because the estrogen increases the number of alpha-adrenergic reactors in the thighs and hips while progesterone decreases it. Since both progesterone and estrogen affect woman’s ability to store and burn fat, an imbalance of these hormones can affects their ability to lose weight.
What Causes Hormonal Imbalance
Most women are duped into believing that hormone imbalance is caused due to exercises and diet. These factors have little impact on the hormone levels of women. So what are the factors that can affect the level of hormones? Some of the factors are stress, changes in the environment and age. These factors affect the ovaries, which decrease the production of progesterone, human growth hormone (HGH) and estrogen. Deficiency of these hormones can lead to fat storage in the middle part of the body.